Greek Coin Alexander

Alexander I Balas Seleucid Kingdom ANTIQUE Ancient Greek Coin ELEPHANT i106038


Alexander I Balas Seleucid Kingdom ANTIQUE Ancient Greek Coin ELEPHANT i106038
Alexander I Balas Seleucid Kingdom ANTIQUE Ancient Greek Coin ELEPHANT i106038
Alexander I Balas Seleucid Kingdom ANTIQUE Ancient Greek Coin ELEPHANT i106038
Alexander I Balas Seleucid Kingdom ANTIQUE Ancient Greek Coin ELEPHANT i106038
Alexander I Balas Seleucid Kingdom ANTIQUE Ancient Greek Coin ELEPHANT i106038

Alexander I Balas Seleucid Kingdom ANTIQUE Ancient Greek Coin ELEPHANT i106038    Alexander I Balas Seleucid Kingdom ANTIQUE Ancient Greek Coin ELEPHANT i106038

Item: i106038 Authentic Ancient Coin of. Greek Coin of Seleukid Kingdom. Bronze 14mm (3.32 grams) Antioch on the Orontes mint Reference: SC 1791.1; HGC 9, 919.

Ch VF 6155926-001 Head of Dionysos right, wearing ivy wreath. Elephant standing left, monogram to right. Claiming to be a son of Antiochus IV, Alexander Balas swept to power in Syria in 150 B. With the support of Attalos of Pergamon and Ptolemy of Egypt.

However, his dissolute life-style soon made him unpopular, and he was overthrown after a reign of only five years. Dionysus is the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness, fertility, theatre and religious ecstasy in Greek mythology. Alcohol, especially wine, played an important role in Greek culture with Dionysus being an important reason for this life style.

His name, thought to be a theonym in Linear B tablets as di-wo-nu-so (KH Gq 5 inscription), shows that he may have been worshipped as early as c. His origins are uncertain, and his cults took many forms; some are described by ancient sources as Thracian, others as Greek. In some cults, he arrives from the east, as an Asiatic foreigner; in others, from Ethiopia in the South. He is a god of epiphany, "the god that comes", and his "foreignness" as an arriving outsider-god may be inherent and essential to his cults. He is a major, popular figure of Greek mythology and religion, and is included in some lists of the twelve Olympians. Dionysus was the last god to be accepted into Mt.

He was the youngest and the only one to have a mortal mother. His festivals were the driving force behind the development of Greek theatre.

Modern scholarship categorises him as a dying-and-rising god. The earliest cult images of Dionysus show a mature male, bearded and robed.

He holds a fennel staff, tipped with a pine-cone and known as a thyrsus. Later images show him as a beardless, sensuous, naked or half-naked androgynous youth: the literature describes him as womanly or "man-womanish".

In its fully developed form, his central cult imagery shows his triumphant, disorderly arrival or return, as if from some place beyond the borders of the known and civilized. His procession (thiasus) is made up of wild female followers (maenads) and bearded satyrs with erect penises.

Some are armed with the thyrsus, some dance or play music. The god himself is drawn in a chariot, usually by exotic beasts such as lions or tigers, and is sometimes attended by a bearded, drunken Silenus. This procession is presumed to be the cult model for the human followers of his Dionysian Mysteries.

In his Thracian mysteries, he wears the bassaris or fox-skin, symbolizing a new life. Dionysus is represented by city religions as the protector of those who do not belong to conventional society and thus symbolizes everything which is chaotic, dangerous and unexpected, everything which escapes human reason and which can only be attributed to the unforeseeable action of the gods. Also known as Bacchus, the name adopted by the Romans and the frenzy he induces, bakkheia. His thyrsus is sometimes wound with ivy and dripping with honey. It is a beneficent wand but also a weapon, and can be used to destroy those who oppose his cult and the freedoms he represents.

He is also called Eleutherios ("the liberator"), whose wine, music and ecstatic dance frees his followers from self-conscious fear and care, and subverts the oppressive restraints of the powerful. Those who partake of his mysteries are possessed and empowered by the god himself. His cult is also a "cult of the souls"; his maenads feed the dead through blood-offerings, and he acts as a divine communicant between the living and the dead. In Greek mythology, he is presented as a son of Zeus and the mortal Semele, thus semi-divine or heroic: and as son of Zeus and Persephone or Demeter, thus both fully divine, part-chthonic and possibly identical with Iacchus of the Eleusinian Mysteries. Some scholars believe that Dionysus is a syncretism of a local Greek nature deity and a more powerful god from Thrace or Phrygia such as Sabazios or Zalmoxis. Alexander Balas, ruler of the Greek Seleucid kingdom 150-146 BC, was a native of Smyrna of humble origin, but gave himself out to be the son of Antiochus IV Epiphanes and heir to the Seleucid throne. Along with his sister Laodice, the youngster Alexander was "discovered" by Heracleides, a former minister of Antiochus IV and brother of Timarchus, an usurper in Media who had been executed by the reigning king Demetrius I Soter.

Alexander's claims were recognized by the Roman Senate, Ptolemy Philometor of Egypt and others. He married Cleopatra Thea, a daughter of the Ptolemaic dynasty. At first unsuccessful, Alexander finally defeated Demetrius Soter in 150 BC. Being now master of the empire, he is said to have abandoned himself to a life of debauchery.

Whatever the truth behind this, the young king was forced to depend heavily on his Ptolemaic support and even struck portraits with the characteristic features of king Ptolemy I. Demetrius Soter's son Demetrius II profited by the opportunity to regain the throne. Ptolemy Philometor, who was Alexander's father-in-law, went over to his side, and Alexander was defeated in the battle of Antioch (145 BC) in Syria, sometimes known as the battle of the Oenoparus. He fled for refuge to a Nabataean prince, who murdered him and sent his head to Ptolemy Philometor, who had been mortally wounded in the engagement. The Seleucid Empire was a Hellenistic state ruled by the Seleucid dynasty founded by Seleucus I Nicator following the division of the empire created by Alexander the Great. Seleucus received Babylonia and, from there, expanded his dominions to include much of Alexander's near eastern territories.

The Greek population of the cities who formed the dominant elite were reinforced by emigration from Greece. Seleucid expansion into Anatolia and Greece was abruptly halted after decisive defeats at the hands of the Roman army. Their attempts to defeat their old enemy Ptolemaic Egypt were frustrated by Roman demands.

Much of the eastern part of the empire was conquered by the Parthians under Mithridates I of Parthia in the mid-2nd century BC, yet the Seleucid kings continued to rule a rump state from the Seleukid Kingdom until the invasion by Armenian king Tigranes the Great and their ultimate overthrow by the Roman general Pompey. World-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine, world coins & more.

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  1. Certification Number: 6155926-001
  2. Certification: Uncertified
  3. Grade: Ch VF
  4. Year: 152 BC
  5. Denomination: AE15
  6. Era: Ancient


Alexander I Balas Seleucid Kingdom ANTIQUE Ancient Greek Coin ELEPHANT i106038    Alexander I Balas Seleucid Kingdom ANTIQUE Ancient Greek Coin ELEPHANT i106038